Part 1 - Research Integrity
Scholarship and Research Integrity (SARI) program here at Penn State is an initiative for enriching and expanding education and support for issues facing graduate researchers in every field.
"Penn State is committed to modeling, teaching and promoting responsible conduct of research and scholarship within the University community. All scholars, from graduate students to senior investigators, confront ethical issues in their professions. The issues that require attention are constantly changing. While advances in technology and the ability to interact with colleagues across the globe have opened up vast opportunities for advancement, they have also created new challenges for the responsible conduct of research and scholarship.
Advance discussion of core principles and possible scenarios can help inform choices frequently made under pressure, helping to eliminate poor decisions. Penn State recognizes that we have a unique opportunity —and a responsibility—to address these issues in a proactive and deliberate manner."
The core principles of research integrity concern the avoidance of research fraud. Research fraud can be perpetrated in at least three main ways, namely through the falsification of the research record, the fabrication of data in the research record, and/or plagiarism (the representation of other(s) work without reference as your own). All three of these infractions of research integrity can have damaging results to individuals, even leading to wrongful death in some cases. Further, such situations can corrode overall public trust of scientific research itself, including research institutions.