Summary and Final Tasks
In this module, you have learned about how policies in the four stages of the emergency management cycle can reduce coastal zone residents’ vulnerability to tsunamis and hurricane storm surge hazards. Tsunamis and hurricanes are short-term coastal hazards: that is, people learn of the occurrence of these two hazards only days, hours, or even minutes before impact, and they exist only for a short period. But coastal residents also face chronic, long-term hazards. Among these, sea level rise is one of the long-term coastal hazards that some governments and people are inadequately prepared to face. In the next module, you will learn about how policies can mitigate vulnerability to sea level rise.
Reminder - Complete all of the Module 12 tasks!
You have reached the end of Module 12! Double-check the to-do list in the Module 12 Roadmap to make sure you have completed all of the activities listed there before you begin Module 13.
References and Further Reading
- Center for American Progress, 2018, Echoes of Katrina: Post-Hurricane Maria Public Heath Threats and Trauma
- Willison CE, Singer PM, Creary MS, et al. Quantifying inequities in US federal response to hurricane disaster in Texas and Florida compared with Puerto Rico. BMJ Global Health 2019;4:e001191. doi:10.1136/ bmjgh-2018-001191.
- The Heritage Foundation, 2013, After Hurricane Sandy: Time to Learn and Implement the Lessons in Preparedness, Response, and Resilience
- Campanella, Richard, 2006, Geographies of New Orleans
- The City of Houston, TX, 2019, Hurricane Harvey: A Progress Report