EBF 301
Global Finance for the Earth, Energy, and Materials Industries

Lesson 6 Introduction

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Overview

The term “logistics” has become more and more popular to define the process whereby goods move from the point of manufacturing and production to the point of sale and consumption. UPS® and FedEx® are no longer just in the package shipping business. They now provide a full range of services, from receiving parcels to transporting them via truck, rail and plane, to storing them in warehouses and ultimately, distributing them to their final destinations. All the while, they are tracking packages throughout the entire process, which can also be done by their customers.

The delivery system for energy commodities is no different, as products—either from the wellhead, plant, or refinery—are transported using various methods, stored, and ultimately distributed to places of final consumption. As we explore the ways and methods in which energy commodities are delivered to market, you will see this same basic theme consistently applied.

Additionally, we will learn the “value chain” for energy commodities. That is, what are the costs and revenues along this delivery path?

Graphic illustration showing steps of process to get raw products from wells to markets
Figure 1: Overall Energy Commodity Logistics Chart - Crude Oil

This graphic illustrates the various steps in the "wellhead-to-burnertip" logistical path for oil and natural gas:aggregation (gathering), the "cleaning" of the raw stream and production of valuable natural gas liquids (NGLs) and, the steps for getting crude oil and natural gas from the wells all the way to market. As you can see, there is processing of natural gas or refining of crude, the transportation and storage and, finally, the distribution and retail delivery to the various end-users. As you will see, each step along this "path" will have some costs associated with it and most will represent an opportunity for generating revenue. These will add to the total profit that can be derived from the initial wellhead production.

Learning Outcomes

At the successful completion of this lesson, students should be able to:

  • Define the steps in the movement of crude oil from the wellhead to the end-user (“pump-to-pump” path).
  • Recognize the “value chain” along the path.
  • Understand the general methods of transporting crude oil from well to refinery.
    • Trucks
    • Pipeline
    • Rail
    • Barge
    • Tanker
  • Become familiar with the Crude Refning processes and their refined products.

What is due for this lesson?

This lesson will take us one week to complete. There are a number of required activities in this module. The chart below provides an overview of the activities for this lesson. For assignment details, refer to the location noted.

All assignments will be due Sunday, 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time.

Lesson Requirements
REQUIREMENT LOCATION SUBMITTING YOUR WORK

Reading Assignment: Crude Oil Refining Process

Lesson6 Reading Assignment page

No submission
Mini-lecture: Crude Oil Mini-Lecture: Crude Oil page No submission
Mini-lecture: Crude Oil Refining Mini-Lecture: Crude Oil Refining page No submission
Lesson 6 Activity 1 Lesson 6 Activity page Submit through Canvas Discussion
Lesson 6 Quiz Summary and Final tasks page Submit through Canvas
Fundamental Factors Lesson 6 Activity Page Submit through Canvas

Questions?

If you have any questions, please post them to our General Course Questions discussion forum (not e-mail), located under Modules in Canvas. The TA and I will check that discussion forum daily to respond. While you are there, feel free to post your own responses if you, too, are able to help out a classmate.