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Geography & Population
In area, India is about 1/3 the size of the U.S.A., yet it has almost four times as many people! In terms of population, it is second only to China. Located in southern Asia between the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, India shares boundaries with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh.
The map above refers to Myanmar, but you will see this country referred to as "Burma" in other readings, including the CIA site used below. The US Department of State explains, "The military government changed the country name to 'Myanmar' in 1989," yet the U.S. government still refers to the country as Burma. This policy is the result of the U.S.'s opposition to the authoritarian rule of the military government, and support for Burmese citizens that have advocated for a more democratic government. (The slow move toward democracy has been a recent development in Burma, but that goes beyond the scope of this lesson. Feel free to consult the Department of State page for more information.) Also, for those of you who may recognize the name "Ceylon," this was the former name of the island country just off the southern tip of India, renamed Sri Lanka in 1972. And importantly, not made clear in the reading below, the official currency of India is the Indian Rupee (INR).
To Read Now
Visit United States Central Intelligence Agency publication, The World Fact Book.
- In the drop-down box on the top right of the page, click on "India." Acquaint yourself with the categories of information presented.
- Read (or scan through) each of the sections to become familiar with the structure and nature of the information available.