EME 801
Energy Markets, Policy, and Regulation

EME 801 Syllabus - Spring 2019

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Energy Markets, Policy, and Regulation

This syllabus is divided into several sections. You can read it sequentially by scrolling down the length of the document or by clicking on any of the links below to “jump” to a specific section. It is essential that you read the entire document as well as material covered in the course Orientation. Together these serve as our course "contract."


Instructor

Seth Blumsack

Dr. Seth Blumsack
Associate Professor, Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering
College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University

  • Office Phone: (814) 863-7597
  • Email:If you need to contact me about anything related to the course, please use Canvas Conversations - the “Inbox” link (Canvas Inbox icon) in Canvas.
  • Office Hours: By appointment (please contact me via Canvas to request an appointment).

Note

I will read and respond to email and discussion forums at least once per day during the work week (Monday through Friday). You may see me online occasionally on the weekends, but please don't count on it!

Course Overview

Description

EME 801 provides a broad introduction to global markets for crude oil and refined petroleum products; natural gas; and electric power. A major goal of the course is to help students understand how market design, market institutions and regulatory structures affect firm-level decision-making in the energy industries, and ultimately how these decisions affect the functioning of energy markets and the prospects for alternative technologies. EME 801 serves as part of the core set of courses for the M.P.S. program in Renewable Energy and Sustainable Systems (RESS) offered through the Penn State World Campus.

Prerequisites

Consistent with entry requirements for the RESS program some background in a relevant technical area (math, science or engineering) is assumed. I will not check everyone’s background, but if you are not comfortable with concepts like BTUs, Watts, or the difference between a Watt and a Watt-hour, then you may find yourself quickly becoming confused by some of the material. Please email me if you have any questions about your preparation for the course.

No background in economic analysis is assumed, but we will doing a lot of quantitative thinking and analysis in this course. Most weeks (and for the final project) you'll be asked to work through problems that require basic arithmetic skills (such as raising numbers to exponents) as well as the use of spreadsheet and graphing software. If you do not have access to a commercial-grade spreadsheet program (such as Excel or OpenOffice), you will need to get access to the Spreadsheet application available through Google Drive or a similar online tool. If you have not used Google Spreadsheets before, there are a number of good tutorials available (search online for “Google Spreadsheet Tutorial”). Here are a couple from Google and YouTube:

Course Objectives:

When you successfully complete this course, you will be prepared to:

  • communicate some facts about global energy industries and energy policy;
  • use a set of standard quantitative tools used in decision-making in the energy industries;
  • explain how emerging regulations may change industry decision-making;
  • describe how modern markets for energy commodities are structured;
  • describe how existing and emerging environmental concerns and policies will impact these markets;
  • evaluate the profitability of new projects or technologies in the context of these markets and regulations;
  • develop financial statements for energy projets.

What I Expect of You

On average, most students spend eight to ten hours per week working on course assignments. Your workload may be more or less depending on your study habits.

I have worked hard to make this the most effective and convenient educational experience possible. The Internet may still be a novel learning environment for you, but in one sense it is no different than a traditional college class: how much and how well you learn is ultimately up to you. You will succeed if you are diligent about keeping up with the class schedule and if you take advantage of opportunities to communicate with me, as well as with your fellow students.

Specific learning objectives for each lesson and project are detailed within each lesson. The class schedule is published as part of the Syllabus in Canvas (the course management system used for this course) and can also be accessed using the Calendar link (Canvas Calendar Icon) in Canvas.


Required Course Materials

Other than access to a spreadsheet program and a functional Internet connection, there are no other required materials for this course. The course lessons will often contain links to public-domain materials that can supplement the course content. If you must know more, I highly recommend the following books:

  • The Global Oil and Gas Business by Sam van Vactor (2010, PennWell books, ISBN 9787593702144)
  • Electric Choices: Deregulation and the Future of Electric Power, edited by Andrew Kleit (2006, Rowan and Littlefield, ISBN 9780742548763)

In addition, there are some online resources that provide some generally useful explanation or analysis of energy market issues.

  • Today in Energy, a daily online publication of the US Energy Information Administration. These are short articles, usually supplemented with nice data or graphics, about an energy issue of current interest. Historical articles are archived here, or you can always find the latest article on the EIA home page.
  • The New York Times Dot Earth blog often has well-written articles about the intersection of energy and environmental issues. You should know about this if you have any interest in energy and the environment (particularly related to climate change) but it will not always be as relevant for the purposes of this course.
  • GreenTechMedia also often has well-written pieces on emerging energy technologies.

Assignments and Grading

You will be asked to complete a variety of assessment exercises over the course of the semester. These include the following:

  • homework assignments, which may include the following types of questions:
    • calculation questions, which ask you to perform numerical operations and sometimes show your answers in graphical form,
    • discussion questions, which ask you to participate in online class discussion forums, and
    • essay questions, which ask you to write a reasoned response to a specific reading assignment;
  • a final project, which will include both analytical and writing elements, along with peer review, where you are asked to comment on work submitted by classmates in critical but constructive manner. More information on the project will be forthcoming.

Your semester grade will be determined by the following 1000 point weighting scheme:

Weekly Deliverables (550 points)

  • Homework questions (490 points)
    • L1 - 42 points
    • L2 - 35 points
    • L3- 42 points
    • L4 - 42 points
    • L5 - 42 points
    • L6 - 42 points
    • L7 - 42 points
    • L8 - 42 points
    • L9 - 42 points
    • L10 - 42 points
    • L11 - 42 points
    • L12 - 35 points
  • Discussion forums (60 points)
    • L1 - 10 points
    • L2 - 10 points
    • L4 - 10 points
    • L5 - 10 points
    • L6 - 10 points
    • L7 - 10 points

Final Project (450 points)

  • Pro forma financial statement (100 points)
  • Written presentation (200 points)
  • Timely submissions of draft materials (100 points)
  • Peer Review (50 points)

It is important that your work be submitted in the proper format to the appropriate Canvas Drop Box or Discussion Forum and by the designated due date. Many of these activities require some interpretation and independent thinking on your part. As you are working on the assignment, you are encouraged to share ideas and questions you may have in the "Questions about EME 801?" Discussion Forum located in Canvas. I will read daily and reply as needed. I strongly advise that you not wait until the last minute to complete these assignments—give yourself time to ask questions, think things over, and chat with others. You'll learn more, do better...and be happier!

Due dates for all assignments are posted on the course calendar in Canvas. Assignments are due by 11:59 pm Eastern Time on the due date.

Note

This course may require students to maintain a web presence that may include things such as the creation of a webpage, blog postings, video sharing and other Internet participation. You will be required to participate in online activities that are widely accessible to all, including others outside of Penn State.

I will use the Canvas gradebook to keep track of your grades. You can see your grades in the gradebook, too, by clicking the Grades link in the Canvas menu. Overall course grades will be determined as follows. Percentages refer to the proportion of all possible points earned.

Letter Grade and Total Semester Points
Letter Grade POINTS
A 930 - 1000
A- 900 - 929
B+ 870 - 899
B 830 - 869
B- 800 - 829
C+ 770 - 799
C 700 - 769
D 600 - 699
F Less than 600
X Unsatisfactory (student did not participate)

EME 801 Course Schedule

imagePrintable Schedule

Below, you will find a summary of the primary learning activities for this course and the associated time frames. This course is twelve weeks in length, with an orientation period preceding the official start of the course. Each lesson is one week long. See our Calendar in Canvas for specific lesson time frames and assignment due dates.

Course Schedule
Lesson Topics Tasks
Course Orientation
  • The structure of EME 801
  • An overview of Canvas, Penn State's course management system
  • Technical requirements for EME 801
  • How to succeed in this course
  • Where to get course assistance if you need it
  • Perform tasks outlined in course orientation to become familiar with the course and the course environment.
  • Post a self-introduction to the course Discussion Forum.
  • Complete the Initial Course Survey.
  • Take the Course Information Quiz and pass with a score of at least 90% in order to gain access to the course drop boxes.
Lesson 1:
The Global Market
for Crude Oil
  • The global nature of the market for crude oil
  • The role of OPEC and other major players in the global oil market
  • Factors influencing spot and futures oil pricing
  • Data sources related to the global oil market
  • Read Lesson 1 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 2:
Markets for Refined
Petroleum Products
  • Basic refinery economics and “crack spreads”
  • Global and regional movements of petroleum products
  • Factors influencing product pricing and refinery investment
  • Data sources related to the market for refined petroleum
  • Read Lesson 2 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 3:
Markets for
Natural Gas
  • Major shale energy producing areas
  • Asset specificity and complementarity between natural gas and pipelines
  • Regional nature of natural gas markets
  • Hub versus index pricing for natural gas
  • Data sources related to natural gas markets
  • Read Lesson 3 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 4:
Unconventional
Natural Gas
Develoment
  • Major shale energy producing areas
  • LNG and the potential rise of a global natural gas market
  • Read Lesson 4 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 5:
Introduction to the Electricity Industry
  • Basic economics of power generation, transmission and distribution
  • Economic dispatch of power plants
  • Rate of return regulation for electric utilities
  • Long range planning in the power sector
  • Read Lesson 5 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 6:
Restructuring and Deregulation in the Electric Power Industry
  • “Deregulation” versus “Restructuring”
  • Structure of wholesale spot markets for electricity
  • Locational marginal pricing of electricity
  • Regional Transmission Organizations
  • Read Lesson 6 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 7:
Economics Challenges in the Integration of
Renewable Resources
  • Economics of “ancillary services” – frequency regulation and emergency reserves
  • What services are needed to support large-scale renewable power generation
  • Emerging industry practices related to wind and solar power
  • Demand response and emergency customer curtailment
  • Read Lesson 7 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 8:
Basic Accounting
Concepts
  • Credits versus debits
  • Fundamental accounting identities
  • Book versus mark-to-market valuations
  • Reading company financial statements
  • Physical versus accounting depreciation
  • Read Lesson 8 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 9:
Discounted Cash Flow Models and Metrics for Evaluating Energy Projects
  • Discounting and the time value of money
  • Discrete versus continuous discounting
  • Project decision criteria: Net present value; internal rate of return; payback times; levelized costs
  • Discounted cash flow analysis of energy projects
  • Read Lesson 9 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 10:
Project Decisions Under Uncertainty
  • Expected value decision-making and risk preferences
  • Sensitivity and scenario analysis
  • Threshold analysis
  • The problem of regulatory uncertainty and investments in low-carbon technologies
  • Read Lesson 10 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 11:
Aspects of Corporate Finance for Energy Projects
  • Valuing bonds and stocks
  • Development of the weighted average cost of capital (WACC)
  • Incorporate risk in key financial variables in the pro forma.
  • Read Lesson 11 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).
Lesson 12:
Taxes, Subsidies,
and Incentives for
Renewable Energy Resources
  • Identify relevant subsidies and incentives (such as investment and production tax credits).
  • Illustrate how subsidies and incentives affect net present value and levelized cost.
  • Incorporate subsidies and incentives into a pro forma analysis.
  • Read Lesson 12 and all assigned material.
  • Complete and submit Activity or Activities (listed on the first page of the lesson).

Tips for Success in EME 801

  • Participate—Odd as it seems, in many ways, an online environment gives us greater opportunity to get to know one other and exchange ideas, challenges, and interesting thoughts. As a working commuting student, I took many courses where I just made it to class after work and then scooted out the door to get home to tend to my other responsibilities (read: more work). Chats with others were hurried and simple. Sure, we were “together” (in the same place), but our time was generally spent listening to the professor. Isn’t it interesting that now, without the constraint of having to be in the same place at the same time, we have more of a chance to communicate with one another, use the course Discussion Forums to get to know one another, work together, learn from one another, and even have a laugh! It’s a special opportunity. You’ll learn more, enjoy the course more, and probably make a better grade.
  • Do the work on time—Activities are the learning assessment tools for this course. In this class, it won’t work to wait three weeks and then cram for an exam. There are no exams.The Activities are designed to be thought provoking and in many cases require some interpretation. The designated Discussion Forums provide a place where you can work together to surface problems and questions and give me the chance to redirect or provide additional information if needed. I strongly advise not waiting until the last minute to start the week’s assignments. Give yourself time to ask, think, and interact with me and your classmates.
  • Be responsible and honest—I’m glad you’re taking this course and hope it is a rewarding experience for you with long-lasting benefits. Let’s keep it a good thing. Please review our course policy on Academic Integrity described above. Treat yourself, your classmates, and the instructor with honesty and respect at all times. I'll do the same.

Course Policies

Withdrawals and Refunds

Students who officially withdraw from the class may be entitled to a pro-rated refund of tuition. For more information, see Refund Policy under World Campus Student Policies.

Penn State Email Accounts

All official communications from the Penn State World Campus are sent to students' Penn State email accounts. Be sure to check your Penn State account regularly, or forward your Penn State email to your preferred email account, so you don't miss any important information.

Deferred Grades

If you are prevented from completing this course within the prescribed amount of time, it is possible to have the grade deferred with the concurrence of the instructor. To seek a deferred grade, you must submit a written request (by email or U.S. post) to your instructor describing the reason(s) for the request. It is up to your instructor to determine whether or not you will be permitted to receive a deferred grade. If, for any reason, the course work for the deferred grade is not complete by the assigned time, a grade of "F" will be automatically entered on your transcript.

Late Policy

I do not expect any "late work." In exceptional circumstances, you should contact me. The earlier you contact me to request a late submission, the better. Requests will be considered on a case by case basis. Generally, late assignments will be assessed a penalty of at least 20 points per day late and will not be accepted more than one week after original due date. Course lessons are available to you in advance. It is your responsibility to plan ahead and work ahead if necessary to accommodate your personal schedule. This flexibility is one of the great features of online learning. Take advantage of it!

Netiquette

The term "Netiquette" refers to the etiquette guidelines for electronic communications, such as email and bulletin board postings. Netiquette covers not only rules to maintain civility in discussions, but also special guidelines unique to the electronic nature of forum messages. Please review Virginia Shea's "The Core Rules of Netiquette" for general guidelines that should be followed when communicating in this course.

Equations

This course must be viewed using one of the following browsers: Firefox (any version), Safari (versions 5.1 or 6.0), Chrome (0.3 or later), or Internet Explorer with the MathPlayer PlugIn. If you use any other browser, there will be pages containing equations that do not render properly. If you need technical assistance at any point during the course, please contact the Outreach Helpdesk (for World Campus students) or the ITS Help Desk (for students at all other campus locations).

Technical Requirements

For this course, we recommend the minimum technical requirements outlined on the Dutton Institute Technical Requirements page, including the requirements listed for same-time, synchronous communications. If you need technical assistance at any point during the course, please contact the HelpDesk (for World Campus students) or the IT Service Desk (for students at all other campus locations).

Internet Connection

Access to a reliable Internet connection is required for this course. A problem with your Internet access may not be used as an excuse for late, missing, or incomplete coursework. If you experience problems with your Internet connection while working on this course, it is your responsibility to find an alternative Internet access point, such as a public library or Wi-Fi ® hotspot.

Mixed Content

This site is considered a secure web site which means that your connection is encrypted.  We do however link to content that isn't necessarily encrypted.  This is called mixed content.  By default, mixed content is blocked in Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Chrome.  This may result in a blank page or a message saying that only secure content is displayed.  Follow the directions on our Technical Requirements page to view the mixed content.

Equations

This course must be viewed using one of the following browsers: Firefox (any version), Safari (versions 5.1 or 6.0), Chrome (0.3 or later), or Internet Explorer with the MathPlayer PlugIn. If you use any other browser, there will be pages containing equations that do not render properly. If you need technical assistance at any point during the course, please contact the HelpDesk (for World Campus students) or the IT Service Desk (for students at all other campus locations).

Penn State E-mail Accounts

All official communications from the Penn State World Campus are sent to students' Penn State e-mail accounts. Be sure to check your Penn State account regularly, or forward your Penn State e-mail to your preferred e-mail account, so you don't miss any important information.

Academic Integrity

This course follows Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences Academic Integrity Guidelines. Penn State defines academic integrity as "the pursuit of scholarly activity in an open, honest and responsible manner." Academic integrity includes "a commitment not to engage in or tolerate acts of falsification, misrepresentation, or deception." In particular, the University defines plagiarism as "the fabrication of information and citations; submitting others' work from professional journals, books, articles, and papers; submission of other students' papers, lab results or project reports and representing the work as one's own." Penalties for violations of academic integrity may include course failure. To learn more, see Penn State's Academic Integrity training. 

Course Copyright

All course materials students receive or to which students have online access are protected by copyright laws. Students may use course materials and make copies for their own use as needed, but unauthorized distribution and/or uploading of materials without the instructor’s express permission is strictly prohibited. University Policy AD 40, the University Policy Recording of Classroom Activities and Note Taking Services addresses this issue. Students who engage in the unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials may be held in violation of the University’s Code of Conduct, and/or liable under Federal and State laws.

For example, uploading completed labs, homework, or other assignments to any study site constitutes a violation of this policy.

Accommodations for Students with Disabilities

Penn State welcomes students with disabilities into the University's educational programs. Every Penn State campus has an office for students with disabilities. The Office for Student Disability Resources website provides contact information for Campus Disability Coordinators at every Penn State campus. For further information, please visit the Office for Student Disability Resources website

In order to receive consideration for reasonable accommodations, you must contact the appropriate disability services office at the campus where you are officially enrolled. You will participate in an intake interview and provide documentation. See documentation guidelines at Applying for Services from Student Disability Resources. If the documentation supports your request for reasonable accommodations, your campus’s disability services office will provide you with an accommodation letter. Please share this letter with your instructors and discuss the accommodations with them as early in your courses as possible. You must follow this process for every semester that you request accommodations.

Inclement Weather

In case of weather-related delays at the University, this online course will proceed as planned. Your instructor will inform you if there are any extenuating circumstances regarding content or activity due dates in the course due to weather delays. If you are affected by a weather-related emergency, please contact your instructor at the earliest possible time to make special arrangements.

Reporting Bias-Motivated Incidents

Penn State takes great pride to foster a diverse and inclusive environment for students, faculty, and staff. Acts of intolerance, discrimination, or harassment due to age, ancestry, color, disability, gender, gender identity, national origin, race, religious belief, sexual orientation, or veteran status are not tolerated (Policy AD29 Statement on Intolerance) and can be reported through Educational Equity via Report Bias.

Counseling and Psychological Services

Many students at Penn State face personal challenges or have psychological needs that may interfere with their academic progress, social development, or emotional wellbeing.  The university offers a variety of confidential services to help you through difficult times, including individual and group counseling, crisis intervention, consultations, online chats, and mental health screenings.  These services are provided by staff who welcome all students and embrace a philosophy respectful of clients’ cultural and religious backgrounds, and sensitive to differences in race, ability, gender identity, and sexual orientation.  Services include the following:

Counseling and Psychological Services at University Park  (CAPS): 814-863-0395
Counseling Services at Commonwealth Campuses
Penn State Crisis Line (24 hours/7 days/week): 877-229-6400
Crisis Text Line (24 hours/7 days/week): Text LIONS to 741741

Military Personnel

Veterans and currently serving military personnel and/or spouses with unique circumstances (e.g., upcoming deployments, drill/duty requirements, disabilities, VA appointments, etc.) are welcome and encouraged to communicate these, in advance if possible, to the instructor in the case that special arrangements need to be made.

Connect Online with Caution

Penn State is committed to educational access for all. Our students come from all walks of life and have diverse life experiences. As with any other online community, the lack of physical interaction in an online classroom can create a false sense of anonymity and security. While one can make new friends online, digital relationships can also be misleading. Good judgment and decision making are critical when choosing to disclose personal information to others whom you do not know.

Deferred Grades

If you are prevented from completing this course within the prescribed amount of time for reasons that are beyond your control, it is possible to have the grade deferred with the concurrence of the instructor, following Penn State Deferred Grade Policy 48-40. To seek a deferred grade, you must submit a written request (by e-mail or U.S. post) to the instructor describing the reason(s) for the request. Non-emergency permission for filing a deferred grade must be requested before the beginning of the final examination period.  It is up to the instructor to determine whether or not you will be permitted to receive a deferred grade. If permission is granted, you will work with the instructor to establish a communication plan and a clear schedule for completion within policy.  If for any reason, the coursework for the deferred grade is not complete by the assigned time, a grade of "F" will be automatically entered on your transcript.

Attendance

This course will be conducted entirely online. There will be no set class meeting times, but you will be required to complete weekly assignments with specific due dates. Many of the assignments are open for multiple days, so it is your responsibility to complete the work early if you plan to travel or participate in national holidays, religious observances or University approved activities.

If you need to request an exception due to a personal or medical emergency, contact the instructor directly as soon as you are able. Such requests will be considered on a case-by-case basis.

Diversity, Inclusion, and Respect

Penn State is “committed to creating an educational environment which is free from intolerance directed toward individuals or groups and strives to create and maintain an environment that fosters respect for others” as stated in Policy AD29 Statement on Intolerance. All members of this class are expected to contribute to a respectful, welcoming and inclusive environment and to interact with civility.

For additional information, see:

Mandated Reporting Statement

Penn State’s policies require me, as a faculty member, to share information about incidents of sex-based discrimination and harassment (discrimination, harassment, sexual harassment, sexual misconduct, dating violence, domestic violence, stalking, and retaliation) with Penn State’s Title IX coordinator or deputy coordinators, regardless of whether the incidents are stated to me in person or shared by students as part of their coursework. For more information regarding the University's policies and procedures for responding to reports of sexual or gender-based harassment or misconduct, please visit Penn State's Office of Sexual Misconduct Prevention & Response website.

Additionally, I am required to make a report on any reasonable suspicion of child abuse in accordance with the Pennsylvania Child Protective Services Law.


Disclaimer

Please note that the specifics of this Course Syllabus can be changed at any time, and you will be responsible for abiding by any such changes. All changes will be communicated with you via e-mail, course announcement and/or course discussion forum.