Read: What are the lessons of Rwanda?
Ten years after the genocide, have America and the world community learned anything that could help prevent another Rwanda? Here are the views of those who were involved at the time in the crisis: Kofi Annan, U.N. head of peacekeeping; Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian U.N. ambassador; Alison des Forges, Human Rights Watch; David Rawson, U.S. ambassador to Rwanda; Boutros Boutros-Ghali, U.N. secretary-general; Madeleine Albright, U.N. ambassador; George Moose, assistant secretrary of state; Prudence Bushnell, deputy assistant secretary of state for Africa; Samantha Power, author of A Problem from Hell; Anthony Lake, national security adviser to President Clinton; and Carl Wilkens, Adventist Church aid worker. These excerpts are drawn from their extended interviews with FRONTLINE.
Also read two Atlantic articles:
Both are by Samantha Power. In them, she explores why America—the home of Holocaust awareness—did all but nothing to stop the genocides of the twentieth century.
Supplemental Reading: International Inaction
Rwanda was a dramatic failure of U.S. and U.N. policy. International inaction was the result of a series of political/bureaucratic decisions. The following links help to provide a sense of how United States foreign policy can become paralyzed, and the limits of the United Nations' policy.
- This interview with writer Philip Gourevitch provides a thoughtful analysis of why the United States and United Nations did nothing to stop the bloodshed in Rwanda.
- Here's a detailed chronology of the United States' and United Nations' actions as the genocide unfolded.
- The 1993 U.N./U.S. peacekeeping mission in Somalia, in which 18 U.S. Rangers died, profoundly influenced the West's failure to act in Rwanda. Here's a summary of that failed Somalia mission, with links to more information.
Source: PBS Frontline
Geopolitical Analysis Discussion 4B
Please visit the Lesson 10 Module in Canvas for a detailed description of the assignment, including due dates and submission instructions.