Dr. Brian King is a geographer in our very own Geography Department here at Penn State, and his research focuses on human-environment relationships and political struggles in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region of the continent that has been a site of intense conservation efforts since the colonial era. In this article, he reviews the history of national parks and community conservation and explores the consequences of different models of conservation on local human and non-human communities.
As you read and reflect, consider these questions:
- How do the models of colonial and national parks, community conservation, and Peace Parks differ in their strategies and outcomes? How are they similar?
- How have certain conservation efforts come at the expense of indigenous human communities?
- What are some pros and cons of participatory or community conservation?
- Which of the "Three E's" of sustainability is the top priority of national parks? Community conservation? Peace Parks?
- Can you think of ways to learn from and improve the three conservation models discussed here?
Registered students can access the reading in Canvas.