GEOG 430
Human Use of the Environment

Final Essay Component: Outline Instructions


The outline should be approximately 2-3 pages, and should include the structure that your final essay will follow. For each section of your outline, you should provide key supporting sentences that explain what you will write in your paper. You should also indicate where you will include some of the resources that you listed in your annotated bibliography.

Your outline should:

  1. Begin with a paper title and a 1 sentence description of your thesis statement. Again, it is fine if you just want to copy your topic from the previous essay discussions.
  2. Outline the structure of your paper using headings to separate main ideas/points. For example, each of your outlines should contain sections called, ‘introduction’ and ‘conclusion’, as well as other headings that are specific to your paper topic.
  3. For each heading, provide several sub-headings with detail regarding what topics will be covered in each section of your essay. Your sub-headings can be phrases or complete sentences, but should be clear enough that your classmates understand what you hope to do.
  4. In your headings and sub-headings, indicate what resources you will be drawing on to make your point. You will be drawing on resources from your annotated bibliography, but the assumption is that you will have developed your bibliography even further at this point. (See example below)
  5. Make sure your resources are listed in a proper bibliographic format at the end of your outline. In alphabetical order list the references you note in your outline in FULL APA format. Refer to the Quick Guide to Citations and References for more information about citations.
  6. Submit your outline by Tuesday of week 10 as a word document or a pdf file. This will be easier for your classmates to download and read.
  7. Respond to two of your peers by Thursday of week 10 with feedback and suggestions for how they may structure their essay more effectively, or with more detail.

Here is an example of what part of your outline might look like:

  1. Background: The Mass Media and Climate Change
    1. Knowledge development through the media (Hannigan, 2014)
    2. The media as a powerful actor (Weingart et al., 2000; Boykoff and Boykoff, 2007)
    3. Graphics in the mass media of climate change (Swim and Bloodhart, 2015)
      1. Charismatic Mega-fauna and other graphics
    4. Maps as a form of climate change media

Reference List:

Boykoff, M. T., & Boykoff, J. M. (2007). Climate change and journalistic norms: A case-study of US mass-media coverage.Geoforum,38(6), 1190–1204.

Hannigan, J. (2014).Environmental sociology. New York: Routledge.

Swim, J. K., & Bloodhart, B. (2015). Portraying the Perils to Polar Bears: The Role of Empathic and Objective Perspective-taking Toward Animals in Climate Change Communication.Environmental Communication,9(4), 446–468.

Weingart, P., Engels, A., & Pansegrau, P. (2000). Risks of communication: discourses on climate change in science, politics, and the mass media.Public Understanding of Science,9(3), 261–283.

Deliverable (due in week 10)

You should begin working on your outline so you not rushed when it is due in week 10. Your outline should be submitted as a word document or a pdf file.

When you are ready to submit your outline, return to Canvas and open the Final Essay Component: Outline assignment in the Lesson 10 module.

If your submission is late, you will NOT be assigned anyone to peer review and you will miss out on the 20 available peer review points. Also, no one will review your work, so please be on time.

Peer Reviews:
After the Tuesday night due date has passed for your initial outline submission, please return to the Final Essay Component: Outline assignment page in the Week 10 module in Canvas and click on the "Peer Review" link to see who you have been assigned to peer review.