GEOG 430
Human Use of the Environment

Final Essay Component: Annotated Bibliography Instructions


As part of the process of writing your Final Essay, you will write an annotated bibliography that summarizes some of the literature you will be drawing on for the final paper (approx. 2-3 pages double spaced). The annotated bibliography should include at least 10 resources that you intend on using in the final paper, and a 2-3 sentence summarization of each resource.

You will also be required to provide feedback in the form of a peer review to two of your classmates.

I have included an example annotated bibliography below the deliverables information.

Deliverable (due in week 7)

You should begin working on your annotated bibliography so you not rushed when it is due in week 7. Your bibliography should be submitted as a word document or a pdf file.

Before the end of week 7, submit your bibliography to the Final Essay Component: Bibliography assignment in the Lesson 7 module in Canvas. Check the calendar for specific due dates.

If your submission is late, you will NOT be assigned anyone to peer review and you will miss out on the 20 available peer review points. Also, no one will review your work, so please be on time.

Peer Reviews:
After the Tuesday night due date has passed for your initial bibliography submission, please return to the Final Essay Component: Bibliography assignment page in the Week 7 module in Canvas and click on the "Peer Review" link to see who you have been assigned to peer review.

Example Annotated Bibliography

Blaschke, T., Biberacher, M., Gadocha, S., & Schardinger, I. (2013). “Energy landscapes”: Meeting energy demands and human aspirations. Biomass and Bioenergy, 55, 3–16.

This article introduces the concept of “energy landscapes” a combination of spatial planning and energy modeling. Using Austria as a case study, the authors indicate that finding places to place RE farms is more complicated than just finding the place with enough energy potential. Meaning the authors believe that taking political-social and economic restrictions into account is all a part of a move toward RE.

Brewer, C. A. (1994). Color use guidelines for mapping and visualization. Visualization in Modern Cartography, 2, 123–148.

These are Brewer’s original thoughts that eventually turned into ColorBrewer. There are great examples in maps of the color schemes that she identified including the concept of color scheme usage in maps such as sequential, diverging, and qualitative.

Brewer, C. A., & Pickle, L. (2002). Evaluation of Methods for Classifying Epidemiological Data on Choropleth Maps in Series. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 92(4), 662–681.

This article outlines a study to evaluate which data classification scheme is best. Their conclusions are inconclusive although quantiles are generally agreed to be the best with a lot of caveats.

Brown, G., & Raymond, C. M. (2014). Methods for identifying land use conflict potential using participatory mapping. Landscape and Urban Planning, 122, 196–208.

This article specifically studies different types of ways to use participatory mapping to identify land-use conflicts. The authors use several different methods to determine land-use conflicts. They surveyed people from both urban and rural areas. In their analysis they used both a simple density and clustering methods to demonstrate how to the choice of method can influence areas identified as conflict areas. The authors conclude there is not much difference between the two.

Caquard, S. (2014). Cartography III A post-representational perspective on cognitive cartography. Progress in Human Geography, 0309132514527039.

This is a critical overview of the work in cognitive cartography. He states that cognitive cartographers are adept at finding new ways to study cognitive issues in cartography as the cartographic technology changes, and as ways to study it improve. There has also been extensive study of mental maps (i.e. cognitive spatial thinking). However, there has been little research to reduce "the tensions that have existed for decades between the empiricist and the critical perspectives.

Crandall, C. S., Ferguson, M. A., & Bahns, A. J. (2013). When we see prejudice: The normative window and social change. In Frontiers in Social Psychology: Stereotyping and Prejudice (pp. 53–69). London: Taylor and Francis.

This chapter talks about how prejudices against certain groups are a moving window, specifically in how prejudice is a continuum between completely acceptable to be prejudiced or completely unacceptable. In general, the authors state that legislation has mostly concerned groups that are moving from acceptable to unacceptable, and in general, psychologists are interested in these groups as well. This is called the "normative window", "a window of time in which social norms are shifting toward the equal treatment, the normalization, and the reduction of stigma and exclusion of a group, but for which the entire process has not yet been completed, and for which complete social agreement about the standing of the group has not yet been achieved." (p. 56)

O’Neill, S. J., & Smith, N. (2014). Climate change and visual imagery. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5(1), 73–87.

This is a review of current research to show how visuals are a key communicative tool for visualizing climate change and for stimulating imaginations of climate futures. It divides the moments of communication in the cycle: the moment of production, the moment of the visual, and the moment of consumption.

Raisz, E. J. (1931). The physiographic method of representing scenery on maps. Geographical Review, 297–304.

This article is a very short summation of why Raisz thinks showing the "physiography" is more important and is different than showing simple contours. He gives a list of how each of the different physiographic regions should be drawn and indicates everyone can draw them with a bit of practice.

Roth, R. E., Hart, D., Mead, R., & Quinn, C. (2015). Wireframing for Interactive & Web-based Geographic Visualization: Designing the NOAA Lake Level Viewer. Cartography and Geographic Information Science.

This article explains adaptive management and how GIScience and interactive online maps can be used for better management of lake level rise and fall in the Great Lakes for the NOAA Lake Level Viewer. Their goal is to use wireframing to plan out UX design for both representation and interaction. They use competitive analysis and focus groups to determine what to test in the user testing phase (the focus of this article). They design two sets of wireframes: high fidelity representation and low-fidelity interaction and use cognitive walkthroughs to test their designs.

Sechrist, G. B., & Young, A. F. (2011). The Influence of Social Consensus Information on Intergroup Attitudes: The Moderating Effects of Ingroup Identification. The Journal of Social Psychology, 151(6), 674–695.

This article outlines two studies assessing whether identity with a group predicts the potential for attitude change, i.e., they wanted to test whether students who found their identity as students of the University of Buffalo as essential to their identity would be more likely to do the same thing and have the same attitude as other students vs. students who did not find that their identity was linked to their status as a student of UB. The results indicated " in-group identification moderated consensus effects" (p. 674).