GEOG 479
Cyber-Geography in Geospatial Intelligence





The applications of science have built man a well-supplied house, and are teaching him to live healthily therein. They have enabled him to throw masses of people against one another with cruel weapons. They may yet allow him truly to encompass the great record and to grow in the wisdom of race experience. He may perish in conflict before he learns to wield that record for his true good. Yet, in the application of science to the needs and desires of man, it would seem to be a singularly unfortunate stage at which to terminate the process, or to lose hope as to the outcome.

Vannevar Bush, The Atlantic 1945

Almost daily in our media, there is a discussion on something with the term "cyber" in it. While we all operate some form of computer at work or at home for various reasons, our definitions of "cyber," "cyberwar," and just about anything with "cyber" in it have created struggles within various areas of government and academia to define and conceptualize.

The Internet is often referred to as the "World Wide Web". Far from being uniform across national boundaries, differences exist in connectivity, content availability due to such factors as censorship, and ICT infrastructure among other factors. 

Different experiences occur depending on where we live, and while the number of connected users increases daily, the impact on their lives based on that connectivity varies from place to place as well.

Far from being a simple benign domain that merely provides access to information, the Web has created unique threats and vulnerabilities as well. Individuals can have their identities stolen, personal information compromised, viewing habits monitored and measured, and countless other infringements on privacy.

Countries can monitor their populations - and possibly impact other nations in the Global Internet as well. It's both a new domain for commerce, but a new domain for conflict as well.

The challenge is to try and understand it all:

  • Technology
  • Governance
  • Content availability
  • Connectivity and its impacts.
  • Attribution of location

The list could go on much further.

Lesson Objectives

  • Describe the impacts of increased flow of information across the world and the risks associated with that increase.
  • Define the role and use of Geospatial Intelligence in the Cyber domain ranging from cyberwarfare to cyberterrorism, disaster response, and humanitarian relief.
  • Explain the degree and impacts of Internet censorship in various parts of the world and how it is commonly measured.

What is due for Lesson 1?

This lesson will take us one week to complete. Please refer to the Course Syllabus for specific time frames and due dates. Specific directions for the assignment below can be found within this lesson.

Lesson 1: Assignments
Requirements Assignment Details
To Do Review all Lesson 1 Material.
To Read

Chapter 1 in "Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXL"

"The Lessons of Cyber Conflict History So Far" (Lesson 1 Module in Canvas

"Geographies of Global Internet Censorship" (Lesson 1 Module in Canvas)

Assignment Complete Assignments 1-3.


If you have any questions, please post them to our Questions? discussion forum (not e-mail), located under the Modules tab in Canvas. I will check that discussion forum daily to respond. While you are there, feel free to post your own responses if you, too, are able to help out a classmate.