GEOG 571
Intelligence Analysis, Cultural Geography, and Homeland Security

SECTION TWO - Cycles of Conquest and Human Occupancy

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Reference: the materials about the overlapping cycles of conquest and the indigenous people of the region comes from Spicer, Edward H. Cycles of Conquest: The Impact of Spain, Mexico and the United States on the Indians of the Southwest, University of Arizona Press, Tucson (1962), and from my own knowledge of this topic.

The U.S./Mexico Border Region was the physical setting of several overlapping cycles of European conquest that began in the fourteenth century and continued in various forms for more than four hundred years. Moreover, it could be reasonably postulated that the massive influx of immigrants into the United States from Mexico during the last years of the twentieth century and the first years of the twenty-first represents yet another, albeit reversed, cycle of conquest.