On Saturday, 25 April 2015 at 11:56 NST, a severe earthquake (7.8 magnitude) hit Nepal followed by a second earthquake ( 6.3 magnitude) on May 12. More than 9000 people were killed and 16.800 were injured, almost 3.5 million people were left homeless and "600,000 structures were either damaged or destroyed" (Rafferty, 2017).The Tribhuvan International Airport was closed after the earthquake, the runway was damaged and most of the airport workers were killed or had to deal with the earthquake consequences. Several of the churches, temples, UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Dharahara tower, which was built in 1832, and many schools have been collapsed. 14 hydropower projects out of 23 operative projects have been damaged. Diseases, starving children and lack of drinking water can be seen all around the country, many girls and women have been sold to other countries by human traffickers after the earthquake. As IHS Global Insights stated the expected cost for rebuilding homes, roads and bridges could run up to $5 billion, where the overall economic damage is estimated to be at about $10 billion, and property loss equivalent to USD 3.5 billion (Amnesty International, 2015; World Economic Forum, 2015).
Map1. Nepal Earthquake (Rafferty, 2017).