Each GIS web service has its own specific purpose. It may support analysis performed inside an organization, or it may be intended to be used by anyone on the web. In this lesson, we'll assume that the Appalachian Trail service you just published is intended to be used by anyone on the web to explore and use in their own maps.
So how could someone use your trails service in their own web map? A programmer could put the URL of your service directly into web app code and then write appropriate code to display the map. That's a topic for a different course, and ultimately writing code is something that many people cannot or will not do. In this part of the lesson, you'll use the ArcGIS Online map viewer, an interactive web map designing tool, to see how you can put together several services into a web map.
You might say that the ArcGIS Online map viewer is "running on the cloud". It is software as a service (SaaS), meaning you don't have to install any software in order to use it. When you save maps on ArcGIS Online, they are not saved to your computer, rather they are saved on an Esri server. You can come back and work with your maps from any computer as long as you tell the application who you are by logging in.
To perform this exercise, your Amazon EC2 instance must be running, but you can do the steps on your local computer.
- Open a web browser to the ArcGIS Online homepage.
You can use the ArcGIS.com map viewer without signing in; however, you will sign in so that you can save and re-use your maps.
- Click the Sign In link and choose the Enterprise Login option. We will login using Penn State's ArcGIS Online Organization, in which all Penn State students automatically have accounts. Enter "pennstate" to connect to the Penn State organization at pennstate.maps.arcgis.com and sign in with your regular Penn State Access ID.
- Click the Map link near the top of the screen. This takes you to the map viewer.
You learned in an earlier part of the lesson that a web map typically consists of a basemap and operational layers. The map viewer gives you a basemap already.
- Change the basemap service by clicking Basemap > Imagery with Labels.
You can experiment with some of the other basemaps if desired. The trails service is symbolized with an imagery basemap in mind.
Now you'll add the operational layer, which is your trails service. Notice that although the trails service has several layers inside (Shelters and Trail), it's common to refer to the entire service as one layer in the context of the web map.
- Click Add > Add Layer from Web.
- Change the drop-down to An ArcGIS Server Web Service and type the full URL of the service on your server in the URL box and hit Enter or click Go. The URL takes the format
https://namegeog865.e-education.psu.edu/server/rest/services/<your service name>/MapServer.
To get the full URL of your service you can open a separate browser window and enter the following,
/rest/services. You should see a hyperlink on the rest services page for your map service. Click it and note the URL in the browser. This is what you can copy and paste into the ArcGIS Online map above.
- Find your trail service in the list and click its Add link.
Go ahead and explore your web map, perhaps zooming in to some shelters at a large scale (where you can see the shelter labels). You can also experiment with the buttons at the top of the table of contents, such as Legend.
- Position your map on a place of interest to you and click Save > Save.
- Enter a title, tags, and summary for your map and click Save Map. Tags are just key terms that can aid others who may be searching or browsing for maps.
If you want to see or return to any maps you have saved, you can click My Content > My Content. This screen also gives you the option to share your map with the public. Sharing your map at this time is not recommended because your server is stopped most of the time so this map will not be of much use to the browsing public.
Once you've saved your web map and given it a title, it might look something like this: