Welcome to Lesson 8!
More than 90 million single-family, multi-family, and mobile-home households encompass the residential sector. Households use energy to cool and heat their homes, to heat water, and to operate many appliances such as refrigerators, stoves, televisions, and hot tubs.
Nearly half of the energy used at home is for space heating. Conventional space heating systems in the U.S. emit a billion tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) and about 12 % of the sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. Reducing the use of conventional energy sources for heating is the single most effective way you can reduce global environmental problems.
Look a the graph below to see how energy is used in U.S. households.
Click here to open a text description of the energy distribution in U.S. homes graph
How energy is used in U.S. Households
The list below shows the percent of total energy used for various tasks in homes in the U.S.
- Other appliances and lighting: 23%
- Refrigerators: 5%
- Water heating: 17%
- Electric air conditioning: 8%
- Space heating: 47%
The energy sources utilized by the residential sector include electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), coal, wood, and other renewable sources such as solar energy.
Look at the graph below to see the primary fuel used by U.S. households.
Click here to open a text description of the primary fuels used in U.S. homes graph
Primary fuel used by U.S. households
The list below is a percentage breakdown of the primary fuels used by U.S. households.
- Natural gas: 55%
- Electricity: 29%
- LPG: 5%
- Other: 0%
- Fuel oil: 8%
- Kerosene: 1%
- Wood: 2%
Lesson 8 Objectives
Upon Completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
- Explain the operating principles of various types of heating systems
- List the main advantages and disadvantages of various heating systems
- Explain the energy efficiencies of each of these heating systems
- Describe ways to improve the energy efficiency of the heating systems
Checklist for Lesson 8
Here is your "to do" list for this week.
|Step||Activity||Access / Directions|
|1||Read the online lesson||Lesson 8a - Comparison of Home Heating Systems
Lesson 8b - Cooling and Heating
|2||Watch||Lesson 8 - Guided Review (Flash movie). (A printable Review Sheet is also provided.)|
|3||Read||Lesson 8 - Questions for Review and Discussion.|
|4||Review||Lesson 8 - Resources (supplemental materials that are optional...but informative!).|
|5||Complete||Lesson 8 - StudyMate Activities. (You will obtain feedback for these exercises, but they will not count toward your final course grade.)|
|6||Take||Lesson 8 - Quiz (graded). The quiz is available in Canvas.|
|7||Complete||Home Activity 5: Insulation and Energy Conservation (A: Insulated Box Simulation & B: Insulated Wall Simulation)
See the Calendar tab in Canvas for due dates/times.
If you have any questions, please navigate to Canvas and post your inquiry to the Discussion Forum titled General Course Questions. Feel free to post your own responses to questions posted by others - this way you would be helping out a classmate!