GEOG 128
Geography of International Affairs



This chapter will discuss the concept of geopolitical codes. We will build off of the previous chapter’s explanation of structure and agency by exploring the ways in which countries act as geopolitical agents (how they make decisions within a global context). We will engage with the concepts of scale, structure, and agency to interpret how countries make foreign policy decisions within regional and global contexts.

Lesson Objectives

By the end of this lesson, you should be able to:

  • define the concept of geopolitical codes;
  • define the component parts of geopolitical codes;
  • outline how geopolitical codes operate at different geographic scales; and
  • show that geopolitical actors other than countries also construct geopolitical codes by using the example of al-Qaeda.

Required Readings and Assignments

Please see your Canvas course space for a complete listing of this lesson's required readings, assignments, and due dates.


If you have any general course questions, please post them to our Course Questions Discussion located in the General Information Module in Canvas. I will check that discussion forum regularly to respond as appropriate. While you are there, feel free to post your own responses and comments if you are able to help out a classmate.