FSC 432
Petroleum Processing

Environmental Regulation of Refineries


Environmental Regulation of Refineries

Air pollutant emissions from the refinery processes are also controlled. Figure 10.13 lists the major legislations and regulations that affect the environmental impact of refineries in the U.S. [6].

  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Safe Drinking Water Act
  • Clean Air Act of 1963
  • Clean Air Act of 1970 (CAA) and regulations
  • Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 and 1990 (CAAA) and regulations thereunder
  • Clear Skies Act of 2003
  • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
  • Superfund: Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
  • Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know (EPCRA)
  • Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
  • Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
  • Oil Pollution Act
  • Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure Plans
Figure 10.13.  U.S. Federal and state legislation and regulations that affect the environmental impact of the refining industry [6].
Credit: Dr. Semih Eser © Penn State is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

[6] C. S. Khor and A. Elkamel, “Environmental Issues Related to the Petroleum Refining Industry” In Petroleum Refining and Natural Gas Processing, Editors: M. R. Riazi, S. Eser, J. L. Peña, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, pp. 701-716.