Geographic Perspectives on Sustainability and Human-Environment Systems

Summary and Final Tasks


Our actions have large impacts on the environment. These actions include individual actions taken by one person and collective actions taken by groups of people. While we can make a difference through our individual actions, collective action poses some distinct challenges worthy of dedicated attention. In particular, collective action problems occur when individual interest conflicts with group interest. One type of collective action problem is the tragedy of the commons, which involves the sustainability of natural resources. Collective action problems have three main types of solutions: government regulation, private ownership, and community mobilization. While humanity has extensive experience with and deep knowledge of face-to-face collective action, we do not for online collective action.

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You have finished Module 4. Double check the list of requirements on the first page of this module to make sure you have completed all of the activities listed there.