As 95% of transportation energy currently comes from petroleum, significant restructuring of the transportation sector would be required to reach sustainable operation in the future society. This is one of the areas where breakthrough in technologies are in highest need and success in research and implementation of those technologies in the nearest ten to fifteen years would dictate what vehicles the next generations will be driving. Strong reliance of vehicles on infrastructure of fuel supply makes the problem of transition to new transportation technologies even more complex. The activity in the end of this lesson touches upon some key technologies employed in zero-emission vehicles, which may or may not become a significant part of the future transportation system. You get a chance to explore this question on your own and make your prediction.
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|Reading||Complete all necessary reading assigned in this lesson.|
Based on reading Penalosa, E., Role of Transport in Urban Development Policy, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2005 (see page 10.3).
Formulate your vision of the sustainable urban community and share it on this lesson discussion forum. What are your most favorite and least favorite measures to undertake in order to modify the current transportation system? If you had a power of policy making, what transportation model would you choose?
Comment on at least one other post on the forum. Response to any questions asked to your posts.
Deadline for initial posting: this Sunday, for comments: Wednesday.
Lesson 10 Discussion
After reading sections 2.5 and 2.6 of the book "Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels". Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2013. (see page 10.2 of this lesson), perform independent investigation and compare three transportation options listed below:
Imagine that you need to take a road trip from New York to Chicago (~800 miles), and based on that scenario, evaluate the above transportation options by the following metrics:
For this hypothetical case, you can assume that no maintenance is required to the cars during the trip (except for re-fueling/ re-charging). You can use approximated data as needed, but explain your assumptions.
Present your numerical results in the table. Show your calculations.
Provide a discussion to address the following question: Which type of electric vehicle in your opinion may have a better future – fuel cell or battery? Support your argument with some listed pros and cons and numbers. You can also say “both” or “neither” but provide proper argument. Make sure to provide proper citations for data sources.
Please see more details in the Lesson 10 Activity Sheet posted on Canvas
Deadline: Wednesday (before midnight).
Lesson 10 Activity
References for Lesson 10:
Battery University, Is Lithium-ion the Ideal Battery? 2010 (accessed 2014).
PCSD, President's Council on Sustainable Development, Sustainable Communities, Task Force Report, 1997.
PSC, Partnership for Sustainable Communities, About Us. Accessed 2014.
Rutsch, R, The Role of Public Transit in Sustainable Communities, Sustainable Community Development Code Research Monologue Series, The Rocky Mountain Land Use Institute, 2008.
Sierra Club, U.S. Oil Dependence Threatens Security, Economy, Environment, accessed July 2014.
U.S. DOE, Transportation Fuels: The Future is Today, NEED 2007
UITP, Advancing Public Transport; accessed 2014.