GEOG 431
Geography of Water Resources

Reference Materials


Background Materials and References:

You should consider using any or all of the following materials when working on the assignment for Lesson 4. (Registered students can access all of the following reference materials under Lesson 4 in Canvas.)

Brinson, M.M. 1993. A hydrogeomorphic classification for wetlands. WRP-DE-4. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. 79pp+app

Brinson, M.M. 1996. The HGM approach explained. National Wetlands Newsletter November/December 17(6):7-13.

Brooks, RP, MM Brinson, KJ Havens, CS Hershner, RD Rheinhardt, DH Wardrop, DF Whigham, AD Jacobs, and JM Rubbo. 2011. Proposed hydrogeomorphic classification for wetlands of the Mid-Atlantic Region, USA. Wetlands 31(2):207-219.

Brooks, RP, MM Brinson, DH Wardrop, and JA Bishop. 2013. Hydrogeomorphic (HGM) classification, inventory, and reference wetlands. Pages 39-59, Chapter 2 in RP Brooks and DH Wardrop (eds.) Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in science, management, policy, and practice. Springer Science+Business Media, 491+xiv pp.

Cowardin, LM, V Carter, FC Golet, and ET LaRoe. 1979. Classification of wetlands and deepwater habitats of the United States. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service FW/OBS-79/31, Washington, DC.

Dahl, T.E. 2011. Status and trends of wetlands in the conterminous United States 2004 to 2009. U.S. Department of the Interior; Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 108 pp.

Ramsar Convention Secretariat. 2009. Strategic Framework and guidelines for the future development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance of the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971). [Note: The classification for Ramsar wetlands begins on page 64 of the documented cited.]


Ramsar Convention Secretariat, 2013. The Ramsar Convention Manual: a guide to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971), 6th ed. Ramsar Convention Secretariat, Gland, Switzerland. [Note: The classification for Ramsar wetlands begins on page 55 of the documented cited.]

Warner, BG, and CDA Rubec (eds.). 1997. The Canadian wetland classification system. 2nd ed. Wetlands Research Centre. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.