The refining of crude oil is a complex process. In preparation for this topic, please complete the reading assignment below. My lecture will closely follow the steps in refining as outlined here.
Crude Oil Refining Process
Go to "How Oil Refining Works" and read pages 1 through 6 in preparation for the mini-lecture on Crude Oil Refining. As you read the sections, keep these questions in mind:
- What is meant by “crude” oil?
- What are the two main refining processes?
- What are the various products derived from raw crude oil?
- How does “distillation” work?
- What is “cracking”?
- What is “reforming”?
- What is “alkylation”?
Also, see "A Brief History of Energy Regulations" and read the "Overview" and "Oil Market Policies."
Optional reading and videos:
- Review the crude oil basics from lesson 2 reading assignment.
- Petroleum History
- Price difference between Brent and WTI crude oil narrowing
- The Importance of Cushing Oklahoma (video: 1:21)
- Where Are Liquids Pipelines Located?
- Oil tanker sizes range from general purpose to ultra-large
- PADD regions
- Petroleum refining basics (video: 10:00)