GEOG 160
Mapping Our Changing World

6.14 Bibliography


Budget Overview, US White House (n.d.). Retrieved August 11, 2012, from                                                   

Charlotte-Mecklenberg Public Schools (n. d.). Retrieved July 19, 1999, from

Cooke, D. F. (1997). Topology and TIGER: The Census Bureau's Contribution. In T. W. Foresman (Ed.), The history of geographic information systems: Perspectives from the pioneers. (pp. 47 –57). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Dangermond, J. (1982). A Classification of Software Components Commonly Used in Geographic Information Systems. In Proceedings of the U.S.—Australia Workshop on the Design and Implementation of Computer-Based Geographic Information Systems, Honolulu, HI, pp. 0-91.

Demers, M.N. (1997) Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Discreet Research (n.d.). Retrieved July 19, 1999, from

ESRI (1998) Shapefile Technical Description, An ESRI White paper. Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from

Federal Geographic Data Committee (April 2006). Retrieved July 19, 1999, from

Framingham Public Schools (1998). Racial balance policy: Assignment of students to schools. Retrieved July 19, 1999, from (since retired).

Francica, J. (n.d.). Geodezix Consulting. Retrieved July 19, 1999, from (since retired).

Galdi, D. (2005). Spatial Data Storage and Topology in the Redesigned MAF/TIGER System. Retrieved 19 October 2010, from (since retired).

MapQuest (n.d. a). Retrieved July 19, 1998, from

MapQuest (n.d. b). Retrieved August 2, 2011, from

Marx, R. M. (Ed.). (1990). The Census Bureau's TIGER system. [Special issue]. Cartography and Geographic Information Systems 17:1.

MSN (2005). Maps and directions. Retrieved May 3, 2006, from

Navigation Technologies Inc. (2006). Welcome to NavTech. Retrieved July 19, 1999, from

Rammage, S. and P. Woodsford (2002). The Benefits of Topology in the Database. Retrieved October 6, 2010, from

TeleAtlas (2006). Welcome to TeleAtlas. Retrieved May 3, 2006, from (since retired).

Theobald, D. M. (2001). Understanding Topology and Shapefiles. ArcUser April-June 2001. Retrieved October 5, 2010, from

US DOT Fast Lane Blog (2012).TIGER 2012 Applications Far Exceed Available Funds; Overwhelming Demand Demonstrates Investment Need. Retrieved August 11, 20012, from

U.S. Census Bureau (1997). TIGER/Line Files (1997 Technical Documentation). Retrieved January 2, 1999, from (since retired).

U.S. Census Bureau (2003). TIGER/Line Files, 2003 (metadata). Retrieved February 3, 2008, from

U.S. Census Bureau (n. d.). 21st Century MAF/TIGER Enhancements. Retrieved February 3, 2008, from (since retired).

U.S. Census Bureau (2004). MAF/TIGER Redesign Project Overview. Retrieved October 19, 2010, from (since retired).

U.S. Census Bureau (2005). Geography division map gallery. Retrieved July 19, 1999, from

U.S. Census Bureau (2009). TIGER/Line Shapefiles Technical Documentation. Retrieved October 19, 2010, from