Human Dimensions of Global Warming

Writing Workshop: Part III


This Writing Workshop will cover when to cite sources and working with citations. 

When to Cite Sources

This writing symposium aims to provide guidance on when it is necessary to cite sources and when it is not.[1] The following writing symposium will present information on how to use citations and will be especially useful to you as you soon complete the first exam for the course.

For those of you for whom the era of copy and paste has been the only one in which you've operated as a student, it can be especially challenging to understand what and when to cite. A good rule of thumb is when in doubt, cite it. Most instructors would much rather see an excessively cited document than an under-cited one. Another way to think about it is if you're talking about someone else's idea, even if you've paraphrased it, you still need to attribute it to the source.

cartoon showing a student complaining about receiving an F and complaining to the teacher that his facts can't be wrong because he copied everything from the internet
Student doesn't get why his copied work didn't earn a good grade
Credit: Grammarly

[1] The material for this writing symposium comes from Peterson, J. (2004). Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Recognize and Avoid it. Writing Tutorial Services, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN. Available at Used with permission of the author.

[2] The original text comes from Williams, J. (1980). Lizzie Borden: A Case Book of Family and Crime in the 1890s. Tichenor Publications, Bloomington, IN, p. 1.

Working with Citations

[1] All the examples used in this "Working with Citations" workshop comes from Kunkel et al. (1999): Temporal fluctuations in weather and climate extremes that cause economic and human health impacts: A review. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 80, 1077-1098. Citations are bolded to highlight their use.