GEOG 438W
Human Dimensions of Global Warming

Summary

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This week, we've been looking at some of the ways climate change impacts people in very up close and personal ways:  our health, our food supply, and our water supply. We learned that climate change is having significant impacts on human health today; it will have even more dramatic impacts on health in the future. Those impacts either are direct, such as heatstroke, or indirect, such as disease transmission through mosquito vectors. One of the key takeaways, as we think about the effects on our health, is that they are varied, pervasive, and expected to become more severe as climate change impacts become even more acute.

the direct and indirect impacts of climate change on human health. see text alternative below
This diagram illustrates the many varied ways in which climate change will directly and indirectly affect human health.
Click here for a text alternative of the image above

Rising Temperatures

More Extreme Weather

Rising Sea Levels

Increasing CO2 levels

Severe Weather: Injuries, fatalities, mental health impacts

Air Pollution: Asthma, cardiovascular disease

Changes in vector ecology: Malaria, dengue, encephalitis, hantavirus, rift valley fever, Lyme disease, chikungunya, West Nile virus

Increasing allergens: respiratory allergies, asthma

Water quality impacts: cholera, cryptosporidiosis, campylobacter, leptospirosis, harmful algal blooms

Water and food supply impacts: malnutrition, diarrheal disease

Environmental degradation: Forced migration, civil conflict, mental health impacts

Extreme Heat: Heat-related illness and death, cardiovascular failure

Credit: Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health by George Luber, CDC. Image is licensed under CC BY 3.0 IGO

We've also looked at impacts on water and food.  It doesn't get more integral to our survival than this (remember - not [just] about polar bears).

The story of food security and climate change is one of geography and compounding vulnerabilities.  The shifts in where we can grow certain types of food is inherently a geographic problem to understand and carries economic, environmental, and social consequences of great import.  Water poses more risks for competition-related issues.  Both exacerbate vulnerable populations that may be experiencing insecurity for these basic necessities even before the impacts of climate change really take hold.

"When the well is dry, we know the worth of water." (Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard’s Almanac, 1746.)  Many of you seemed to come to a similar sentiment in your Write to Learn assignments that asked you to talk about what aspects of climate change impacts on human health you were most concerned about or how you personally felt most vulnerable to climate change, and as I told some of you, nothing else really matters if we don't have water. (Ben Franklin and I are clearly on the same page, except about kites and thunderstorms.)

Climate change is profoundly changing Earth’s hydrology, giving us too much water in some places, but too little water in others; giving us too much water at one time, but not enough water over time, and giving us rain, but not snow. (Instead of the line from The Rime of the Ancient Mariner water, water, everywhere but not a drop to drink (a sailor surrounding by salty seawater he cannot drink) it's more like water, water - not there, not like that, not then!!!) Perhaps the greatest challenge posed by climate change is deciding how to adjust our water resource use to address the new normals of hydrology.

Decision-making takes place at all scales of human endeavor, from individual and household levels to community, state, national, and international levels. People regularly make decisions about water use at all these scales, including decisions that have time horizons of decades to centuries. Humanity, therefore, appears to be equipped to handle the water resource challenge presented by climate change. Although competing economic, political, cultural, and social interests will undoubtedly make this task more difficult than it needs to be, humans are infinitely resourceful and will figure out how to meet this challenge and, in many cases, turn it to their advantage.

cartoon shows how much water certain goods took to produce. see text alternative below
We hear a lot about embodied carbon in the goods we consume, but what about the embodied water?  This graphic from the Sierra Club demonstrates the vast amounts of water necessary to produce things we often don't directly associate with water.
Click here for a text alternative of the image above
Amount of Water Required to Product Products
Product Amount of Water
1 quart bottled water 3 quarts
1 ton of steel 62,600 gallons
1 bag of cement 180 gallons
1 gallon of paint 13 gallons
1 board food of lumber 5.4 gallons
To-go latte 53 gallons
Pair of jeans 1,800 gallons
Cotton T-Shirt 400 gallons
1 pound of wool 101 gallons
4 tires 2,072 gallons
Small Truck  37,000 gallons
Keg of Beer 750 gallons

Credit: Peter and Maria Hoey © 2020 Sierra Club

Reminder - Complete all of the Lesson 6 tasks!

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