GEOG 862
GPS and GNSS for Geospatial Professionals


 Example of a GPS Control Network, a complex web of lines and points
A GPS Control Network
Source: GPS for Land Surveyors

Network and multireceiver positioning are obvious extensions of relative positioning. Both the creation of a closed network of points by combining individually observed baselines and the operation of three or more receivers simultaneously have advantages. For example, the baselines have redundant measurements and similar, if not identical, range errors. The processing methods in such an arrangement can nearly eliminate many of the biases introduced by imperfect clocks and the atmosphere. These processing strategies are based on computing the differences between simultaneous GPS carrier phase observations.