Penn StateNASA

Module Summary and Final Tasks


End of Module Recap:

In this module you should have learned the following concepts:

  1. Factors that cause the pH of the oceans to change and how it impacts saturation of the minerals calcite and aragonite.
  2. The biology and ecology of reef environments and how they are likely to change in the future with acidification and rising temperature.
  3. The potential impact of acidification on calcareous plankton groups and implications for the marine food chain.
  4. The biology of harmful algae including dinoflagellates and diatoms.
  5. Factors that cause blooms of harmful algae, why they are likely to increase in the future, how they can be forecasted, and how they impact human health.
  6. Cyanobacteria and the factors that cause them to bloom.
  7. Large jellyfish and factors that have led to major increases in their populations.


You should have completed the following labs and reading assignments for this module. If you have not done so already, please do so before moving onto the next module. Incomplete assignments will negatively impact your final grade.


  • Lab 7: Reef Ecology